There are different painkillers which are used in pain management. The mode of action of these painkillers vary greatly, and some might not be effective to some people. For instance, aspirin should not be administered to children who are below the age of eight years. Some of the painkillers are readily available in the pharmacies, shops while others can only be obtained with a prescription from medical personnel.
You are advised to seek for medical advice to find out the right painkillers for you. The recommended dosage should be taken as advised by the medical professional or as indicated on the packets. Besides, you should avoid taking an overdose of these painkillers as some of their ingredients can be obtained from different products. For instance, ingredients such as ibuprofen and paracetamol are found in the generic versions which are relatively cheaper.
Let us have a look at the common types of painkillers.
It is the most common type of painkiller. It is available in tablets forms and liquid form. The liquid form is most suited for the young children. Paracetamol is used for relieving non-nerve pain, headaches and the various symptoms associated with flu or colds. This treatment does not cause any side effect. However, an overdose of this drug can cause some serious problem. You are advised to seek medical advice or attention if you are to take this drug for more than three days.
Morphine is one of the strongest painkillers. Pain specialists or GPs prescribe this drug. It is delivered in different forms which include wearing of the medicated patches.
Codeine is used in conjunction with paracetamol. Its tablets are soluble in water. A low-dosage of Codeine is readily available in the pharmacies while the higher doses are only available on prescription. Medicines containing codeine should not be taken by children aged below 12 years. Continued usage of this drug should be avoided as it can lead to dependency among the users.
This is another type of pain killer which is mostly recommended for headaches, period pain, and toothache. This drug should not be taken by people aged below sixteen years.
Gabapentin and amitriptyline
These painkillers are used in relieving pain associated with nerve problems including neuropathy or shingles. This medication is also recommended for treating depression and epilepsy. Epilepsy is treated using gabapentin whereas depression can be treated using amitriptyline.
This drug is used in treating inflammation and pain. It should not be taken for an extended time without the advice of a medical professional. Some of the side effects associated with this drug include kidney and heart problems, bleeding and stomach upsets.